Sanghol, Fatehgarh Sahib
Sanghol, an ancient Harappan site near Fatehgarh Sahib, has yielded a treasure trove of archaeological finds since excavations first began here. Also called Ucha Pind (high village) because it rests on a mound, Sanghol finds mention in the 7th century writings of Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese traveller. These discoveries at Sanghol have helped establish the existence of a distinct school of art in Punjab in ancient times, and also thrown light on the rich Buddhist settlements that existed in the region. The Archaeological Site Museum here displays a vast range of ancient and medieval heritage.
Archaeological Site Museum, Fatehgarh Sahib (Sanghol)
This Archaeological Site Museum was established in 1990 to display the many ancient treasures that were discovered in 1984 during excavations. The museum, located in Sanghol village displays a vast range of heritage, from Harappan pottery and jewellery to artefacts from the Maurya, Sunga and Gupta dynasties. Excavations suggest it was a Buddhist site during Kushana rule as two monasteries and a stupa from the period have been uncovered here. A seal inscribed with the name of the 5th century Huna ruler of Sanghol, who may have destroyed the Buddhist settlement, was also recovered.
Among the 15,000 exhibits displayed are objects of terracotta and ivory, collections of coins, carvings and precious stones. There are over 70 artefacts from the Gupta period, including human, animal and bird figurines and a 4th century red sandstone head of the Buddha. The museum''s most prized possessions are 117 pieces of sculptures that formed the railing around the Stupa. From the Mathura school of art, they are considered among the earliest, and largest, discoveries of this style.
Archaeological Museum, Rupnagar
The Archeaological Museum of Rupnagar, located on the banks of the Sutlej, is a repository of a marvelous exhibition of Harappan antiquities, including jewelry beads, metallic implements, pottery, wheeled toys and shards from the painted grey ware culture that flourished in the first millennium BC. These fragile mementos have all been found in Rupnagar, the first Indian archaeological site to reveal Harappan remains. A large mound that marks this rich Indus Valley Civilisation treasure trove is still visible beside the museum complex. Excavations have also revealed layered inhabitation, evidenced in the artefacts from the Shakya, Kushana and Gupta periods on display at the museum, along side seals, carved figurines and gold coins. A three dimensional likeness of an undamaged grave, complete with skeleton, with the original ceremonial pottery encased separately, can also be seen here. A knowledgeable attendant is at hand to answer all your queries.
Rupnagar was the first archaeological site in independent India to reveal Harappan remains. Archaeologists and historians have speculated that this could well be one of the most ancient towns of the region as an expanding Indus Valley civilisation had evidently crossed the Sutlej River. Successive dynasties, from the Guptas to the Mughals, have also left their stamp on this town; historical evidence of which has been preserved and displayed in Rupnagar’s Archaeological Museum.
Dholbaha is a rich archaeological site reportedly in existence since prehistoric times. Based on the cache of artefacts recovered here, scholars are of the opinion that Dholbaha was among the early inhabited regions of the world. Its historical relevance was first discovered when a variety of sculptures dating back to ancient and early medieval dynasties were found lying around the village.
Many of the discoveries from the Gurjara-Pratiharas and the Paramaras dynasties can now be viewed at the Hoshiarpur Archaeological Museum.
Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary was one of several prized hunting reserves of Patiala’s royal house. The sanctuary covers an area of approximately 654 hectares, which includes a deer park. The main sanctuary is home to a variety of wildlife, notably, chital, hog deer, wild boar, jackal, peafowl, myna, partridge, and quail.
The Mahendra Chaudhary Zoological Park was created out of the Chhatbir Protected Forest in 1977. Named after the governor of Punjab who envisioned it, the Park continues to support conservation of endangered and rare species of wildlife through captive breeding, as well as, encouraging research and awareness on wildlife.
This is a man-made freshwater wetland covering 1,365 hectares. Also called the Ropar Lake, the wetland developed consequent to the construction of a regulator on the Sutlej River. Surrounded by the Shivalik hills in the northwest and the plains in the south, eight hundred of its acres are submerged under the river.
Like Harike and Ropar, the Nangal wetland also draws sustenance from the Sutlej River. Encompassing an area of over 700 acres, it is spread over six villages in Rupnagar. Nangal wetland is home to numerous species of both resident as well as migratory birds from the trans-Himalayan region.
The only major natural wetland in the State, the reserve is spread over 850 acres of marshy land near Gurdaspur. It was designated as India’s first community reserve under the Wildlife Protection Act and attracts hundreds of thousands of migratory birds from Central Asia and Siberia in the winters.
Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary
The 382-hectare Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary is distributed more or less equally between the two villages that make up its name. Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1999, it is part of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas. Its mixed deciduous forests harbour a rich variety of fauna and flora including a number of avian species.
Abohar Black Buck Sanctuary
Spread over an area of about 18,650 hectares, the Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary is unique in that it is an open sanctuary, comprising farmlands of 13 Bishnoi villages. Herds of black buck, the indigenous antelope, with their distinctive twisted horns, can be found wandering freely through the villages and even homes. Considered sacred by the Bishnois, concerted efforts by this community have saved them from poaching, with their numbers rising beyond 4000 in the sanctuary.
Located on the Bein rivulet, the Kanjli Wetland’s water-spread area boasts 92 species of birds besides various kinds of mammals, amphibians and fish. It is a very popular site for bird watching and boating.
Harike Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary
Harike, also known as Hari-ke-Pattan, is situated at the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The wetland ecosystem, covering an area of 4,100 hectares, was created following the construction of the Harike barrage across the Sutlej River, and is an internationally recognised Ramsar site.
Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary
A popular attraction, Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary, was once the hunting reserve of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala. Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, it covers over 661 hectares and is divided into two by a road running through it.
Bir Gurdialpura, also one of the main hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala, is spread over a little more than 620 hectares.
Amaltas Tiger Safari, placed on Ludhiana-Jalandhar Highway (GT Road) is located about 6 km from the main Ludhiana city. Covering the total area of about 25 acres, this zoo is delighting tourists since 1993.
Situated in Village :Katehra in Fazilka district very near to Jayani natural farm. This farm rear Emu birds.